The following are the references used in our Investment Briefing document.

  1. Arup & Sustrans (2020). Cycling for Everyone: A guide for inclusive cycling in towns and cities
  2. Living Streets (2016). Overcoming barriers and identifying opportunities for everyday walking for disabled people.
  3. Sustrans (2019). Bike Life. 
  4. Walking and Cycling Alliance (2020).The urgent case for more walking and cycling in the UK.  
  5. Scottish Parliament Information Centre (2019). SPICe Spotlight: You get what you pay for – 20 years of devolved transport policy.
  6. Scottish Parliament Information Centre (2020). SPICe Spotlight: Transport –  a climate emergency budget?
  7. Doherty, I (2020). Scotland’s National Planning Framework 4 Think Piece: An Accessible Scotland.
  8. Matthews, B, Hibberd, D and Speakman, K (2015). The impact of street accessibility on travel and independence for disabled people. In: 14th International Conference on Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Disabled Persons (TRANSED). 
  9. Poverty and Inequality Commission (2019). Transport and Poverty in Scotland. 
  10. Inclusive Design for Getting Outdoors (2012). Why does the outdoor environment matter? 
  11. Davis, A (2014). Claiming the Health Dividend:A summary and discussion of value for money estimates from studies of investment in walking and cycling. Department for Transport.
  12. Scottish Parliament (2018). Research Briefings: Cycling – what works?—What-works
  13. Transport for London (2021). Economic benefits and walking and cycling. 
  14. Rajé & Saffrey, on behalf of the Department for Transport (2016). The value of cycling. 
  15. Bell, M (2020). Visitor boom leads to calls for permanent ban on cars in Dundee’s Union Street. Evening Telegraph. 
  1. Grimsey Review (2020). COVID-19 Supplement Report: Build Back Better. 
  2. Scottish Parliament Information Centre (2018). SPICe Spotlight: Capital spend – locking in high or low carbon futures? 
  3. Department for Transport (2018). Latest evidence on induced travel demand: an evidence review. 
  4. Smith, M., Hosking, J., Woodward, A. et al (2017). Systematic literature review of built environment effects on physical activity and active transport – an update and new findings on health equity. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 14, 158.
  5. Kärmeniemi, M. , et al. (2018). The Built Environment as a Determinant of Physical Activity: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies and Natural Experiments, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Volume 52, Issue 3, Pages 239–251,
  6. Aldred, R., Woodcock, J., Goodman, A (2021). Major investment in active travel in Outer London: Impacts on travel behaviour, physical activity, and health. Journal of Transport & Health. Volume 20, 100958. 
  7. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2018). Physical activity and the environment.  
  8. Public Health England (2016). Working together to promote active travel: a briefing for local authorities.; 
  9. Sinnett, D., Willians, K. Chatterjee, K., Cavill, N. (2011). Making the case for investment in the walking environment: a review of the evidence. University of West of England and Cavill Associates.
  10. Cole, S, on behalf of Welsh Government (2015).  Active travel – benefits, delivery, behaviour. 
  11. Transform Scotland (2014). Interchange audit report. 
  12. House of Commons Library (2020). Active travel: trends, policy, and funding. 
  13. House of Commons Transport Committee (2019). Active travel: increasing levels of walking and cycling in England 
  14. Tandon, A (2020). New climate models suggest faster melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Carbon Brief. 
  15. Leahy, S (2018). Climate change impacts worse than expected, global report warns. National Geographic.
  16. McSweeney, R (2020). Explainer: nine ‘tipping points’ that could be triggered by climate change.  Carbon Brief.
  17. Association of Directors of Public Health (2010). Take action on active travel.
  18. Irish Government (2020). Programme for Government: our shared future.
  19. Alliance for Biking and Walking (2010), Bicycling and Walking in the United States: Benchmarking Report.