The following are the references used in our Happiness Briefing document:

1.Gill, T (2017) Building Cities Fit For Children. 

2. Play Scotland (2012) Getting it Right for Play: The Power of Play: an evidence base – summary.

3. Christian H, et al  (2015) The influence of the neighborhood physical environment on early child health and development: A review and call for research. Health & Place. 33 pp 25-36. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.01.005 

4. Ekeland et al (2004) Exercise to improve self-esteem in children and young people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

5. All-Party Commission on Physical Activity (2014) Tackling Physical Inactivity—A Coordinated Approach.

6. World Health Organisation (2020) Physical Activity. 

7. Shaw et al (2015). Children’s Independent Mobility: an international comparison and recommendations for action. Policy Studies International.

8. Leyden et al (2011) Understanding the Pursuit of Happiness in Ten Major Cities. Urban Affairs Review.

9. Hart (2018) Contextual correlates of happiness in European adults. PLOS One

10. Resite: Tim Gill on building child-friendly cities. 

11. Gaete, CM (2016) Six cities that have transformed their highways into urban parks. ArchDaily architecture news. 

12. Salt, L (2015) Converting roads into parks. ArchitectureAU. 

13. Landscape Architecture Foundation. Cheonggyecheon Stream Restoration Project–Seoul, South Korea: Methodology for Landscape Performance Benefits. Landscape Performance Series. Methodology.pdf 

14.Crook L (2020). Barcelona to convert a third of central streets into car-free green spaces. 

15. Glasgow City Council (2019). Connectivity Commission. 

16. Chan et al (2018). Therapeutic Benefits of Physical Activity for Mood: A Systematic Review on the Effects of Exercise Intensity, Duration, and Modality. The Journal of Psychology, 153:1, 102-125, DOI: 10.1080/00223980.2018.1470487

17.Arent et al (2000)The Effects of Exercise on Mood in Older Adults: A Meta-Analytic Review. Journal of Ageing and Physical Activity. 8(4):407-430. DOI: 10.1123/japa.8.4.407

18. BBC (2019) The ‘flow state’: Where creative work thrives. 

19. Chatterjee et al (2020) Commuting and wellbeing: a critical overview of the literature with implications for policy and future research, Transport Reviews, 40:1, 5-34, DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2019.1649317

20. Martin, A., Goryakin, Y., Suhrcke, M. (2014) Does active commuting improve psychological wellbeing? Longitudinal evidence from eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey. Preventative Medicine, 69.

21. Zhu, Fan (2018). Daily travel behavior and emotional well-being: Effects of trip mode, duration, purpose, and companionship. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. Volume 118, December 2018, Pages 360-373

22. Gatersleben, Uzzell (2007). Affective Appraisals of the Daily Commute: Comparing Perceptions of Drivers, Cyclists, Walkers, and Users of Public Transport. Environment and Behavior. 39(3):416-431. doi:10.1177/0013916506294032

23. De Kruijf et al (2019) A longitudinal evaluation of satisfaction with e-cycling in daily commuting in the Netherlands. Travel Behaviour and Society Volume 16, July 2019, Pages 192-200

24. Transport For All (2021) Pave The Way

25. Living Streets (2016) Overcoming barriers and identifying opportunities for everyday walking for disabled people

Arup & Sustrans (2020) Cycling for Everyone: A guide for inclusive cycling in towns and cities

27. Wheels for Wellbeing (2019) A Guide To Inclusive Cycling

28. Talbot, K (2019). Freedom on Wheels: Why cycling infrastructure design needs to take account of handcyclists too.

29. What Works Centre for Wellbeing (2018). Places, spaces, people and wellbeing: full review. A systematic review of interventions to boost social relations through improvements in community infrastructure (places and spaces). 

30. Arup (2016) Cities Alive: Towards a walking world.

31. The Global Happiness Council (2018). Global Happiness Policy Report 2018, New York: Sustainable Development Solutions Network. 

32. Seresinhe et al (2019). Happiness is Greater in More Scenic Locations. Happiness is Greater in More Scenic Locations. Sci Rep 9, 4498  

33. Sinnett, D., Willians, K. Chatterjee, K., Cavill, N. (2011). Making the case for investment in the walking environment: a review of the evidence. University of West of England and Cavill Associates.

34. Department for Transport (2020). LTN 1/20 Cycle infrastructure design. 

35. As Easy As Riding A Bike (2016). Greening the city: blog. 

36. Priestley (2019). Integrating green infrastructure, walking and cycling: Vienna’s avenues, parks and greenways